Guide Ghosts Ghosts of Thai Folklore featured

Guide: Ghosts of Thai folklore

Belief in ghosts and spirit beings is both popular and enduring in Thai culture. In the history of Thailand, Buddhist folk beliefs mixed with legends about ghosts or ghosts from local folklore as well as knowledge of the hereafter (see Brahmanism and Saiyasart). Many of these countless myths have survived to this day, evolved and have also been incorporated into modern media such as Thai films, soap operas on Thai television and even Thai comics.

In this blog post, we will look at some of the most well-known spirits from Thai occultism.

General background

The belief in ghosts (Phi, ผี) is deeply rooted and omnipresent in Thailand. They are believed to be present in all areas of life, and their presence is believed to affect Thais’ relationships with other people. In Thai culture, there are many different types of spirits, and they are often categorized according to their origin. For example, ghosts can come from the deceased or be natural spirits.

Regardless of their origin, there are numerous ways to drive away spirits in Thai culture. By the way, an alleged method is to flash and wave a penis to them. It is believed that this scares the ghost away. Another common method of ghost defense is to wear amulets or other objects to which protective powers are attributed.

Ghosts and horror stories are a popular theme in Thai movies and literature, and they are also a common motif in Thai art and temples. Ghost stories are often used to teach moral lessons to children and adults. Many Thais believe that it is possible to become a ghost after death, and some people even claim to have seen ghosts. In traditional belief and fiction, a spirit is a manifestation of the mind or soul of a deceased person.

The alleged causes of ghosts are manifold, but often they are due to a violent death, improperly performed funeral ritual, or injustice in life. In Thai culture, therefore, there are many different types of spirits, including those that haunt houses, those that appear in dreams, and those that cause mischief or accidents. Here is a list of the most famous:

Nang Ta-khian (นางตะเคียน)

Nang Ta-khian (นางตะเคียน, The Lady of Ta-Khian) is the tree spirit of the Hopea odorata trees found in Thailand and Laos. These massive trees can live for hundreds of years and are not usually found near inhabited areas.

According to Thai belief, spirits called Nang Ta-khian or Ta-khian Phi (ตาเขียนผี) live in these trees and can bring illness or misfortune to those who upset them. Therefore, sometimes offerings are made at the foot of such trees to appease the spirit living there. It is also considered disrespectful to cut down such a tree

Phi Hua Khat (ผีหัวขาด)

Phi Hua Khat is a male ghost who carries his head with him in Thai folklore. It is said that if a person dies an unnatural and sudden death and is beheaded in the process, a headless spirit can arise.

This type of ghost is considered incredibly dangerous as it is full of anger and resentment. It is believed that the origin of the Phi Hua Khat dates back to the time when prisoners were beheaded by a sword (Daab). The headless ghost then haunted the village and terrorized its inhabitants.

In order not to create a Phi Hua Khat in the first place, elaborate execution rituals were carried out, in which the convict was tied kneeling to a wooden pole. His head was fixed so that the neck area was exposed. A Saiyasart sword fighting teacher (see Daab), who was summoned especially for this ceremony, then performed a ritual sword dance (Ram Dab) at the end of which the head of the condemned man was severed with a precise sword blow.

For many centuries, this method was considered one of the few ways to really make sure that the spirit of the executed person was professionally sent to the afterlife and thus could not cause any harm.

Phi Song Nang (ผีสองนาง)

Phi Song Nang are female spirits who first attract young men, then attack and kill them.

Phi Ngu (ผีงู)

Phi Ngu (ผีงู), also known as Phrai Ngu (พรายงู) or Ngueak Ngu (เงือกงู), is a spirit that can appear in snake form, human form, or a combination of both.

Mae Nak (แม่นาก)

Mae Nak (also แม่นากพระโขนง, Mae Nak Phra Khanong so “Mrs. Nak of Phra Khanong”) is a female spirit from Thai folk belief who died at the birth of a child and can stretch her arms supernaturally long.

Legend has it that Mae Nak was a beautiful woman who was married to a man named Mak. When Nak was pregnant, Mak was drafted and sent to war. Before his return, Nak and her child died in a difficult birth. When Mak returns home, he finds his beloved wife and child waiting for him. The neighbors who wanted to warn him that he was living with a ghost were all killed. Mak eventually finds out that his wife and child are ghosts and flees.

The story ends with a monk banishing the Mae Nak spirit first into a glass and later into her forehead bone. In another version, the monk assured Nak that she would be reunited with her beloved husband in a future life, and so she voluntarily went to the afterlife.

The shrine of Mae Nak is located near Klong Phra Khanong, in Wat Mahabut, a large temple on Soi 77 of Sukhumvit Road (On Nut Road). The shrine is a low building under large trees with a roof that encloses the tree trunks. The main shrine is surrounded by several smaller shrines

The story of Mae Nak has inspired dozens of films. It is considered one of the most popular Thai horror stories.

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Phi Am (ผีอำ)

A Phi Am (ผีอํา) is the Thai equivalent of a drude or night alb. It is said that it sits on the chest of a person (preferably men) at night and causes sleep paralysis.

The term “Phi Am” is also used in medical parlance for sleep paralysis. It is said that these spirits can cause discomfort and even lead to suffocation.

To protect themselves from them, men often apply lipstick before going to bed. It is believed that these female widow spirits are actually women and would not harm other women. The Thais try very hard to avoid the attention of the spirits, and sometimes the tendency to crossdress is seen as an excuse for this. While the origins of this belief are unknown, it remains an important part of Thai culture.

Mae Ya Nang (แม่ย่านาง)

Mae Ya Nang is the patron goddess of boats in Thailand. She is often depicted as a beautiful woman with long hair wearing a flower crown. This belief is very popular with Thai Buddhist fishermen in the southern region as well as the Royal Thai Navy.

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Mae Sue (แม่ซื้อ)

In Thai culture, Mae Sue is a patron goddess or a female spirit of infants.

According to Thai belief, every pregnant woman has a Mae Sue with her during pregnancy. These spirits protect the unborn child from harm. In Thai literature, Mae Sue also refers to wandering female spirits caring for abandoned or lost children.

Mae Sue are also said to haunt cemeteries and temples. Some people believe that Mae Sue are the spirits of stillbirths or women who died in childbirth. Thais offer the Mae Sue food and gifts to appease them and prevent them from doing harm.

Khamot (โขมด)

Khamot (โขมด) is a glowing ghost, phantom or aberration that is said to haunt the forests of Thailand. Thai villagers often offer food offerings to the Khamot to appease him, and some even build shrines in his honor.

Whether the Khamot really exists or not remains a mystery, but its legend still fascinates those who hear it. From a scientific point of view, it is highly likely to be methane gas, which is produced by the decay of organic substances and ignites in the air as flashes of light in the dark.

Pu Som Fao Sap (ปู่โสมเฝ้าทรัพย์)

Pu Som Fao Sap (Grandfather Ginseng) is a guardian spirit who guards valuable treasures or treasures of national importance and supposedly looks like a venerable old man.

Various newspaper reports from the twentieth century report on thefts (e.g. 1957 AD in the Sombat dungeon of Wat Ratchaburana), according to which the thieves either voluntarily surrendered or suffered other damage, so that large parts of the stolen goods ultimately found their way back. Allegedly, a Pu Som Fao Sap is said to have worked in these and other events.

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Phi Dip Chin (ผีดิบจีน)

A Phi Dip Chin (also Known as Phi Dued Luat, originally Jiangshi) is a jumping ghost from Chinese tradition who wears an ancient costume and has a Chinese rune in front of his face.

Such Jiangshis became popular in Thailand through the Thai Chinese community. The word “Jiangshi” is derived from the Chinese characters for “stiff” and “corpse”. The term “Jiangshi” is sometimes used colloquially for zombies in general.

Phi Dip Chin are typically depicted as revived corpses, similar to the European vampires, but they move bouncing and with outstretched arms. The reason for this is that their corpse rigidity has progressed so far that they cannot move anything other than hopping.

It is said that Phi Dip Chin kill living creatures at night to absorb their Qi or “life force”. During the day, they rest in coffins or hide in dark places. Originally, the superstition of Jiangshis goes back to transfer rituals of the deceased, who were transported upright to their homeland hanging from bamboo sticks.

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Phi Pu Thao (ผีปู่เฒ่า)

A Phi Pu Thao is a ghost that appears in the form of an old man.

Phi Phong (ผีโพง)

Phi Phong (ผีโพง), also called Phi Pop (ผีปอบ), is a male spirit that has an unpleasant smell. It lives in dark places under the vegetation.

It is believed that those who are Phi Phong are caused by the black magic power of a plant called “Wan Phi Phong” (ว่านผีโพง; literally: “ghost herb”), which has a sharp taste and can glow like a glowing woodlouse at night.

During the day, Phi Phong takes the form of a normal person, but at night it turns into a ghost. Phi Phong is characterized by the fact that its nostrils glow like a torch and it searches at night for food such as frogs, fish, dung, carcasses or placenta.

Hun Phayon (หุ่นพยนต์)

A Hun Phayon is a type of artificial human or non-human figure used in Thai black magic. They are usually made from materials such as wood, fabric, and sometimes human bones.

Their owners can harness the power of black magic to protect themselves from harm. Black magic, in this case, is a form of witchcraft in which supposedly supernatural powers or evil spirits are used to manipulate people or events.

The roots of Thai black magic lie in animism, i.e. in the belief that everything, including animals, plants and inanimate objects, have a spirit.

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Phi Lang Kluang (ผีหลังกลวง)

A Phi Lang Kluang (translated: “Phi with a hollow back”) is a ghost from southern Thailand who is said to have a very large wound on his back. Inside the hollow back there are intestines full of worms.

Phi Lang Kluang are known for their harmless pranks. For example, you can ask a boy in the group to scratch their back. When the boy does this, the Phi Lang Kluang turns out to be such a creature with a hollow back and full of crawling centipedes.

It is said that Phi Lang Kluang live in forest communities. This and a mention in a Chinese book (Shan Hai Ching) of indigenous forest people with funnel breasts suggest that at the core of the narrative this is more of a traditional insult to minorities.

Khwai Thanu (ควายธนู)

Khwai Thanu (ควายธนู), also known as Wua Thanu (วัวธนู), is a magical bull or water buffalo. Most people believe that Khwai Thanu is a black magic influenced by Africans who have studied voodoo.

Khwai Thanu is widespread in the south and northeast of Thailand. Shamans use black magic by using Khwai Thanu to attack the enemy. It can be described as a devil that destroys everything. Khwai Thanu is used to protect people from dark magic because Khwai Thanu is a deadly weapon that destroys the enemy. The Khwai Thanu is a tremendously powerful and dangerous dark magical being. Its dark magic is almost invulnerable to conventional weapons and can only be damaged or destroyed by the use of superior dark magic.

A Khwai Thanu is also capable of deadly magic, and any shaman who wants to control it must be very careful and prudent. Therefore, it is advisable that anyone dealing with Khwai Thanu should proceed with extreme caution.

Kuman Thong (กุมารทอง)

The Kuman Thong (literally translated: “golden boy”) is a ghost of a young boy who has been tied into an object by a necromancer (see amulet). The typical depiction of a Kuman Thong is that of a boy in ancient Thai clothing with a traditional hair knot.

The name of this spirit derives from the color of their skin, which can be either golden or pale. This goes back to the original production method of a Kuman Thong in which fetuses of children who died in the womb were roasted over an open fire and then wrapped in gold leaf.

It is said that a kuman obeys the instructions of his master as long as he is kept happy. For example, by providing him with food and toys. If the Kuman Thong is not kept happy, he can become unpleasant and draw attention to himself with poltergeist-like behavior. In some cases, the Kuman Thong can also be used for black magic to harm others. Therefore, it is important to be careful when handling any of these preserved fetuses.

Kuman Thong are often used as talismans and are said to bring happiness, strength and protection to their owner. The use of grilled fetuses is less common these days. Instead, dolls and amulets are mostly used, which can be found in amulet shops and markets throughout Thailand. Spiritual healers sometimes keep Kuman Thong in large jars and ask them to heal people from their illnesses.

You can learn more about Kuman Thong and other spirit beings in our Saiyasart introductory video:

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Phi Phrai (ผีพราย)

Phi Phrai (ผีพราย) is the spirit of a woman who died together with the child in her belly, or a female spirit who lives in the water, similar to an undine in the European-speaking world.

Phi Thayong (ผีตายโหง)

In Thai understanding, a Phi Thayong (also Known as Phi Tai Hong) usually goes back to the sudden death of a man or woman who did not have a proper funeral ritual.

According to the Royal Institute Dictionary 1999, the official dictionary of the Thai language, “tai hong” means “to die an unnatural and violent death, e.g. be murdered or drown”. The word “Hong” (โหง), in turn, contains two components: “great suffering” and “suddenness or unexpectedness”, with the latter component in the foreground because people who become Phi Tai Hong are unable to prepare for death. Therefore, these types of spirits are seen as a reminder that life can end unexpectedly and that anyone can become a victim of death. This suddenness during death also represents the main difference to, for example, a sick spirit (Pieh Tayhah).

Phi Tai Hong are considered particularly dangerous and aggressive by Thai people because they could not fulfill their dreams and wishes during their lifetime. Death came too suddenly for them and prevented them from realizing their dreams. It is anger and sorrow that manifest in the form of a vengeful spirit that make Phi Tai Hong so dangerous. It is believed that these spirits are most active during the first seven days after death. The living are advised to avoid the area where Phi Tai Hong died, as they will often try to kill others in the same way that they themselves died. Therefore, Phi Tai Hong are among the most feared spirits in Thai culture.

In Thai culture, Phi Tai Hong are considered to be among the most difficult to exorcise ghost beings. This is due to their particularly violent nature and the fact that they actively haunt the places where their death took place, including the houses. Stories about these types of ghosts and the exorcism ceremonies required to rid oneself of them are very popular in Thai publications.

From the point of view of the Saiyasart such ghosts are no more dangerous than other spirit beings, but only confused because of their very sudden demise and therefore more difficult to calculate than some other types of spirit beings. It is believed that the ancient Free-Warriors had a lot of experience in dealing with Phi Thayong, because such spirits can also arise from violence on the battlefield. Because accident spirits suffer a sudden, often cruel death, they are very popular with Asian necromancers, as they can be used to make very powerful talismans and amulets. From the remains of the deceased, in turn, a special, magical corpse oil (Nam Man Prai) can be obtained.

Phi Tai Hong is also a popular motif in Thai folklore, having appeared in many movies and TV shows over the years. A modern depiction of a Phi Tai Hong can be seen in the Thai film “Buppah Rahtree” from 2003.

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Nang Mai (นางไม้)

Nang Mai (“Lady of the Forest”) is a type of female spirit or fairy associated with trees in Thai folklore. According to some accounts, they were once human women who died in the forest and became spirits.

Nang Mai live in old trees, especially in ficus species such as banyan trees. They are also said sometimes haunt in bamboo forests. As a rule, they are depicted as beautiful women with long hair. Often they comb their hair or sit on swings made of lianas. Sometimes they are also said to be able to turn into birds.

Nang Mai are generally considered benevolent spirits, but there are also stories of them luring men into the forest to kill them. A Nang Mai plays an important role in the “Story of Gaeuw”.

Phi Ka (ผีกะ)

Phi Ka are dangerous, insatiable spirits that dwell in women’s bodies. These spirits are known to be violent and often attack people.

The only known treatment for a Phi Ka is to force the host to eat raw eggs, as the ghost abhors them. This can be a difficult and dangerous procedure as the Phi Ka can fight back. However, it is considered the only effective way to drive these dangerous spirits out of their human hosts.

From the point of view of Saiyasart , this is probably more of a general ghost possession, which can be remedied by an exorcism. The compulsion inflicted on the patient with the raw eggs is only one of many ways in which a reprogramming of the autodynamic system (see model of autodynamics) can be achieved.

Phi Krahang (กระหัง)

Phi Krahang (กระหัง) is a male ghost. He is often depicted with two large kradong (กระด้ง, round baskets for rice threshing) on his arms, which he uses to fly through the rural areas of Thailand at night. He also often rides on a Sak Tam Khao (สากตําข้าว), a long wooden picille of a traditional manual rice mortar.

It is sometimes assumed that the Phi Krahang is the husband of the Phi Krasue or is related to Phi Pop (ผีปอบ). Still others claim that Phi Krahang originates from men who have practiced too much Saiyasart (note: We can’t confirm that!). The Phi Krahang supposedly eats these men from the inside to form its ghost body. In the north of the country, this spirit is known as Phi Phong.

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Phi Tai Ha (ผีตายห่า)

Phi Tai Ha are ghosts of people who have died in an accident, similar to a Phi Thayong (ผีตายโหง, see Accident Spirit). In Thai culture, it is believed that these localized spirits are desperate and angry and will cause harm to the living.

Phi Tai Thang Klom (ผีตายทั้งกลม)

A Tai Thang Klom (ตายทั้งกลม) or Tai Thong Klom (ตายท้องกลม) is a pregnant spirit. Thais believe that if a pregnant woman and her child die during childbirth, usually due to complications, such a pregnant spirit can arise.

Tai Thang Klom are considered the most violent and vengeful manifestation of Phi Thayong (ผีตายโหง) and are said to have brought many inexperienced exorcists to their knees. Not because they are necessarily stronger or meaner than other spirits, but because this type is not just a simple accident spirit, but a dual spirit being. The fact that this is a quasi schiziode spirit being is a circumstance that can be quickly overlooked, not only by beginners.

Tai Thang Klom is said to haunt abortion clinics, hospitals and other places where pregnant women could die. It is said that they can cause miscarriages and stillbirths and cause terrible injuries to mother and child during childbirth.

From the point of view of Saiyasart, such Tai Thang Klom try to complete their failed births with the help of living mothers to complete their experience cycle. However, because they were not able to experience how to give birth to a child during their lifetime, their attempts to complete this cycle can lead to increased birth accidents.

The tragedy of this spirit form thus lies in the irrepressible desire to give life to a child, while at the same time being unable to ever complete it. Phi Tai Tang Glom amulets are highly sought after in Thai occult circles because they are said to have great power.

Suea Saming (เสือสมิง)

Suea Saming (เสือสมิง), a male or female being who has turned into a tiger through the power of black magic. Suea Saming are, so to speak, the Southeast Asian equivalent of the skinwalker of the Navajo or the werecat or the werewolf from the European area.

Sua Saming is said to be able to take the form of not only a tiger in their hunt for humans, but also that of humans. So it should be possible for them to imitate the wife of their victim or even a monk.

Phi Kong Koi (ผีกองกอย)

A Phi Kong Koi (also Kong Koi), a one-legged forest vampire or jungle spirit, which is known in Laos or Thailand. It is said to move on one leg bouncing and make a sound like “Koi, koi, koi” or “Kong koi! Kong koi!”

There are different statements about the exact appearance of the creature: some say it has a fly-like tube mouth, others think it looks more like a monkey or a langur. However, most reports agree that the Phi Kong Koi sucks blood out of the toes of sleeping travelers in the jungle.

To protect themselves from this fate, travelers are advised to cover their feet, keep their feet together, or cross their legs while spending the night in jungle.

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Phi Ma Bong (ผีม้าบ้อง)

Phi Ma Bong is a female spirit from northern Thailand who resembles a tikbalang or kelpie. In northern Thai folklore, it is a ghost horse or a demonic shapeshifter. It was commonly described as a giant black horse with red eyes and often said to have the ability to transform into a beautiful woman.

It is said that the Phi Ma Bong haunts lonely roads and paths and lures careless travelers into the forest where it wants to kill them. In some versions, the Phi Ma Bong is also credited with the ability to transform into other animals.

Nang Tani (นางตานี)

Nang Tani is a ghost in the form of a young woman who wears a green traditional Thai dress and has deep red lips.

It lives with banana trees and appears on full moon nights. According to Thai traditions, it belongs to the genus Nang Mai (นางไม้; “Lady of the Forest”), i.e. female spirits or fairies associated with trees. There is a similar spirit in Cambodian folklore and Laotian folk tradition. It is considered a bad omen to cut down banana trees from the forest inhabited by Tani.

According to legends, she seduces men to have sex with her during the full moon, and then when they cheat on her by loving another woman, she kills her. However, apart from a certain tendency to jealousy, Nang Tani is usually regarded as benevolent.

Nang Tani usually has a gentle disposition and may give passing Buddhist monks something to eat. Amulets representing Nang Tani are very popular and they come in different shapes and sizes. Some people tie colored silk ribbons around the trunks of the banana trees allegedly haunted by Nang Tani.

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Phi Thuai Khaeo (ผีถ้วยแก้ว)

Phi Thuai Khaeo (ผีถ้วยแก้ว), also known as the mind that moves the inverted glass, is a type of Thai ouija practiced in Thailand.

It is said that this spirit can be summoned by placing an upside-down glass on a table and asking it questions. The glass will then supposedly move to answer the questions. Some say that this spirit is an evil spirit that likes to play tricks on people, while others believe that it is a benign spirit that can help people communicate with the dead.

Phi Tabo (ผีตาโบ๋)

Phi Tabo is a blind ghost or phantom with hollowed-out eyes.

Phi Phop (ผีปอบ)

Phi Phob is a ghost that can enter the host and consume the internal organs. It does not leave its host body until the host has died. This ghost hides and those infected by Phi Phob often fake a disease, even if they are occasionally caught stealing uncooked meat to eat when they are alone.

A Phi Phob spirit is also said to be able to infect magicians who have been immoral with the power of their spells. This transformation can occur, for example, when the occultist gives up his profession, uses his spells to the absolute detriment of others, demands excessive fees, does not respect his ancestry or breaks the taboos associated with it. The ghost can then also wander along the family line, and there are examples in Thailand where whole families had to move because a Phi Phob took possession of a member.

With a Phi Phop, this type of possession is often manifested by illness or malaise, as well as mental disorders. According to folklore, this is because the ghost consumes the inside of its host. Phi Phop are often associated with mental illness, and often exorcists or spiritual healers are called in to drive them away. In some cases, of course, the Phi Phop can also be confused with a normal person who simply suffers from a disease.

According to tradition, the origin of Phi Phob goes back to an old legend about a prince who was devoted to magic. He found a way to invade people’s bodies and take control of them. He then also learned the incantation formulas that allowed him to occupy animals. As he practiced, his servant, who had memorized the words, repeated them and suddenly entered the prince’s body. As a result of his actions, the servant became a prince. The real prince, who in turn had taken control of a bird, flew to his wife and told her about the accident. She then destroyed the servant’s body and persuaded the false prince to take over the body of an animal to demonstrate his abilities. The real prince returned to his own body, but the servant was unable to regain control of his body. Today’s Phi Phob are supposedly the result of this original wandering spirit.

From the point of view of Saiyasart, a Phi Phob is a folkloric paraphrase of a cast, without necessarily having to be a specific spirit. Such obsession is a state in which a person has been occupied by a foreign vibration. This entity can exist separately from the person’s conscious personality or gradually overlay it. Depending on the quality and progress of the reprogramming, it is able to overwrite the person’s thoughts, language and actions, thus displacing the original character. Obsessions, therefore, often involve an involuntary change of identity, in which the possessed person assumes the characteristics of the entity. Often this happens through a creeping process and in many cases actually affects those who improperly handle magical phenomena and vibrations (keyword: sorcerer’s apprentice). Depending on the severity and circumstances, it may well be possible for a Saiyasart practitioner to reverse or at least contain such an occupation.

Phi Kee

Phi Kee is a ghost who lives in toilets. It is said that he must be consulted before using the toilet after a nightmare, because this will free one’s own feces from misfortune. It is considered especially important to consult this spirit if you plan to eat street food, as it can help prevent food poisoning and other diseases.

A Phi Kee is thus a very helpful mind that can help you and your digestive system have a pleasant and safe experience during your trip through Thailand.

Phi Krasue (ผีกระสือ)

The Phi Krasue is a feared ghost in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Malaysia. He is usually depicted as a female head, whose intestines partially hang downwards and are often covered by a dress.

The Phi Krasue is said to take the form of a beautiful woman in a long, flowing dress and is known for captivating her victims. These spirits are also part of the Lao, Cambodian and Malay faiths and tend to seek out pregnant women either immediately before or shortly after giving birth. The ghost then tries to penetrate them with its long tongue to consume the fetus or placenta.

Phi krasue By Xavier Romero Frias Own work based on ผี Thai ghosts CC BY SA 3.0

Phi Ngu (ผีงู)

Phi Ngu (ผีงู), also known as Phrai Ngu (พรายงู) or Ngueak Ngu (เงือกงู), is a spirit associated with snakes that can appear in snake form, in human form, or in a combination of both forms.

Pret (เปรต)

Pret or Preta (Sanskrit: प्रेत, Standard Tibetan: ཡི་དྭགས་ yi dags) is the Sanskrit name for a type of supernatural being described in Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Chinese folk religion and Vietnamese folk religion as a being who suffers greater suffering than man, especially an extreme level of hunger and thirst.

Pret have their origins in Indian religions and have been adopted through the spread of Buddhism into the East Asian religions. From the Chinese and Vietnamese adaptations, Preta is often translated into English as a “hungry spirit”.

Phi Pret is a suffering spirit also known as Asurakai – an inhabitant of the underworld. According to Thai belief, a person who has a deficit of good deeds is assigned to a certain level of hell after death until the debt is settled. A pret has so much karma on it that it can never be reborn in the human world, but is stranded in the underworld, leading to eternal suffering. It is tall, has long hair, a long neck, a protruding belly and a mouth as small as a needle, so he never gets enough to eat.

The Phi Pret is a bad-tempered and aggressive spirit that you can hear whistling at night and who is looking for someone who will end its sufferings. They are part of Buddhist mythology rather than specifically Thai, and the name is related to the Sanskrit word Preta (the same spirit in Hindu mythology). In China, this is the “hungry spirit”, and there is an annual festival in his honor.

Phi Thale (ผีทะเล)

Phi Thale is a spirit of the sea that manifests itself in various ways, including the Elms Fire, a rare phenomenon of light caused by electrical discharges during thunderstorms.

It is said that Phi Thale can take the form of a mermaid or a beautiful woman and often lures sailors to their deaths. Phi Thale is also said to be responsible for other eerie phenomena experienced by sailors and fishermen on their boats, such as sudden storms and mysterious lights.

In Thai language, “Phi Thale” is also used as slang for naughty men.

Phi Thale (ผีทะเล)

Phi Thale is a spirit of the sea that manifests itself in various ways, including the Elms Fire, a rare phenomenon of light caused by electrical discharges during thunderstorms.

It is said that Phi Thale can take the form of a mermaid or a beautiful woman and often lures sailors to their deaths. Phi Thale is also said to be responsible for other eerie phenomena experienced by sailors and fishermen on their boats, such as sudden storms and mysterious lights.

In Thai language, “Phi Thale” is also used as slang for naughty men.

Rak-Yom (รัก-ยม)

In Thai folklore, a rak-yom (รัก-ยม) is a ghost that appears as two little boys (brothers), similar to the Kuman Thong. In necromantic practice, this refers to a glass amulet with two humanoid figures inlaid in oil.

Rak is a thick, black lacquer made from the sap of a Burmese lacquer tree and various other ingredients. It is commonly used to paint and protect amulets. The term yom, in turn, is a form of salutation used by monks to address a lay follower.

Phi Poang Khang

Phi Poang Khang is a creature from Thai folklore. It is said to be an ape-like creature that lives near salt licks and descends from the trees at night to suck the blood of sleeping people. The victim of a Phi Poang Khang attack is eventually weakened and dies. There are many different interpretations of the Phi Poang Khang, but it is generally considered a dangerous and feared creature.

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