LING LOM – The origin of Pahuyuth

LING LOM (monkey-air or air-monkey) is unarmed Pahuyuth using all bodily capabilities and it represents the origin of all Thai fighting styles.

The origins of this unique fighting method reach back to the time of the Glie Gauw Pienohng (around 2500 B.C.). First described by the Chinese as a “ghost” or “wraith fight” it was later named “Ling Lom” (monkey-air or air-monkey), due to its elusive character and unusual movements.

The name stuck and lead to the common misconception, that LING LOM was derived from the imitation of animals or is somehow related to Chinese martial arts. As a matter of fact it solely utilizes the conditions and abilities of the human body.

LING LOM was used in Southeast Asian warfare throughout the ages. Some legends tell about warriors, who moved over the battlefield ‘like the wind’ and even fought between elephants legs.

Later (around 1000 A.D.) LING LOM became the origin of all Thai stand-up fighting methods. Traces of this martial art can also be found in other Southeast Asian fighting styles.

LING LOM is one of the hardest and most rewarding Pahuyuth disciplines a student can choose. Beginners start with rigorous workout program and acquire step by step the traditional principles and concepts of this system.

The result is a highly efficient, adaptive fighting style, that enables its user to fight against other martial arts without learning them first.


Monkeys are free animals …


LING LOM is based on five fundamental system teachings.

The first teaching is the System of the Teacher, which includes the knowledge of position, stability and movements of the human body in space as well as the teaching of autodynamic reaction patterns.

The second teaching is the Teaching of Basic Fighting Techniques. Here the bodily weapons (fist, foot, elbow and knee) are used in combination with static and dynamic fighting positions.

The third teaching is called Defence Knowledge. This includes all humanly possible types of unarmed defence from and to every body position.

The fourth teaching is called Safety Knowledge. It contains the principles of falling and rolling, as well as movement on the ground and self-rescue.

The fifth teaching is called the Grappling Technique. It contains the knowledge of the biological and biomechanical functions of the human body and their limits. Derivations of the fifth system theory include, for example, grappling techniques and throws, but also pressure point techniques that target nerves, tendons, blood vessels and internal organs.

A LING LOM warrior uses his fighting techniques analogous to the five system teachings and in the sense of the model of autodynamics. He acts informally, unpredictably and individually to the opponent‘s fighting style. He adapts to foreign fighting styles without having learned them and preferably uses elements that the opponent does not expect or does not know. A LING LOM warrior creates situational conditions in his own favour, causes confusion and attacks the biological weak points of the human body. The technique leading to victory is often aimed at irreversibly mutilating, crippling or killing the opponent.

Due to the difficult to understand nature of this fighting style and its high destructive power, LING LOM is one of the most dangerous unarmed fighting systems in the world. Due to the structural openness and unlimited freedom of this combat system and the continuous development over thousands of years, it can also be described as one of the oldest and potentially most developed hybrid systems in the world.

LING LOM Techniques

Pahuyuth compendium ling lom techniques

LING LOM students of the basic level (green belt) learn 123 basic techniques.

Pahuyuth compendium techniques handbook square

The Pahuyuth Compendium contains the 123 school techniques of LING LOM.

The Pahuyuth Compendium is the new technical handbook of the basic level.

It contains the basic techniques of MUAI, LING LOM, MEED, MAI SAWK, DAAB, GRABONG and SABAI.

LING LOM Workouts

LING LOM practitioners use a special set of workouts. We have filmed two of these workouts and share them for free.

Please note: These workouts are very intense. Some exercises require prior knowledge. We do not recommended these workouts for beginners!

How it works: 

  1. The “Basic Endurance” and the “Basic Attack” Workout consist of 12 exercises each. All exercises have a length of 5 Minutes each (60 minutes per workout).
  2. We recommend to start with only one of the workouts. Advanced practitioners do both in one go (120 minutes duration).
  3. Do each exercise with steady tempo and aim for explosive movements.
  4. Do a many reps as you can within the given timeframe
  5. No pauses, no breaks, no drinking, no eating, no towels, no mats.

WARNING: We do not take any responsibility and we are not liable for any damage or injuries caused through whatever you are doing. DO NOT attempt to recreate or re-enact any activities performed in this video. ALWAYS consult your physician before beginning any training or exercise program.


While MUAI already allows enormous freedom in relation to Muay Thai and fights with fists, feet, knees and elbows both standing and on the ground, LING LOM goes even a step further and targets the weak points of the human body.

LING LOM remains formless and shapeless. It adapts enemy fighting styles as well as situational conditions to its own advantage. Students of LING LOM learn a variety of different principles from which they can freely choose and vary as they wish. While most MUAI fighters can still be recognized as such, no LING LOM practitioner is like another.

As they are completely free in their choice of means, they also like to enrich themselves with ideas from other fighting styles. For this reason LING LOM can be described as one of the oldest and possibly one of the most evolved hybrid systems in the world.

Like MUAI, LING LOM can be seamlessly combined with all armed Pahuyuth disciplines (AWUD). A combination of at least one unarmed Pahuyuth discipline (MUAI, LING LOM) and at least one armed Pahuyuth disciplin (MEED, DAAB, GRABONG, MAI SAWK, SABAI) is called PAHUYUTH.


You are interested in free fighting and want to learn LING LOM at the Pahuyuth School in Berlin?

Pahuyuth has a traditional training and teaching concept with belt steps. The aim of our teaching method is to provide a well-founded and safe martial arts education in the physical as well as the mental sense. At the same time we want to prevent that dangerous knowledge gets into the wrong hands and can cause damage.

The entrance requirement for the discipline LING LOM is the Pahuyuth student status (green belt), which requires passing the entrance examination.

Admission to the entrance examination again requires a participation in the trial student course.

Interested? Then visit our trial training page!

… they act naturally and spontaneously.