The 30 Exercises are a training program for beginners, which consists of thirty body weight exercises.


In Pahuyuth, an action technique is a technique that combines climbing up on an opponent with a fighting technique. Here, it does not matter, if an armed or unarmed technique is used.

Muai muay thai boran action knee climbing technique

Action techniques originate from climbing techniques.

What is Ah Vicha?

In Buddhist teachings, Ah Vicha (also Awicha or Ah Wicha – Bad Knowledge) refers to those areas of knowledge that are suitable for harming other living beings. Both the Pahuyuth and the Saiyasart as well as components of the Sart Bambatgay are considered “Ah Vicha” in many places.

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What is an alibi technique?

In Pahuyuth, an alibi technique (also called placebo technique) is colloquially referred to as a technique that is carried out for its own sake or as an excuse, apology or justification.

Cause of alibi techniques

Typical of alibi techniques is that while they create a visible action that is intended to feign engagement and training zeal, they are not technically capable of hitting anything or having a significant effect if they hit. An alibi technique is thus distinguished from a feint mainly by its lack of endangerment potential and the underlying intention of the performer.

With beginners, alibi techniques are often stopgap solutions in training, because they do not yet have better options for action yet or because they see no way to penetrate the enemy cover. Instead of doing nothing, alibi techniques are used to feign a more or less useful action. One motive for alibi techniques is the fear of getting involved in an exchange of blows and having to hits themselves (see learning fee).

Examples of alibi techniques

  • Alibi jabs: straight fist punches with the front fist that have no particular intention or are not combined with an effective follow-up technique.
  • Double jabs: straight punches thrown several times in a row with the front fist, especially if the first jab supposedly hit (so-called pursuing or in German “Nachstuken”).
  • Multiple parallel push kicks (theep) with the front foot, which are supposed to keep the opponent at a distance for as long as possible. Common to watch with Muay Thai beginners.
  • Knees in the clinch that are executed with the inside of the thigh instead of the knee. Commonly used in Muay Thai competitions to bridge round times.
  • Hectic cutting and stabbing with knives in the air. Frequently seen in self-defense videos.
  • Repeated smashing of sword blades or sticks. Frequently seen in show or stage fighting (see Krabi Krabong).
  • Techniques in technical demonstrations that would not have hit the target anyway or would not have hit correctly. For example, because the spatial distance or respect for the technical mediator is too great. Frequently seen in technical demonstration videos.

Training recommendations

Pahuyuth students are advised to avoid alibi techniques in principle or to immediately replace them with more effective techniques. If this does not happen, serious errors in the autodynamic programming can occur (see model of autodynamics) which can lead to undesirable results in an emergency.

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The Altai or Altai Mountains is an up to 4506 m high Central Asian high mountain range at the border area of Kazakhstan, Russia (Siberia), Mongolia and China. The foothills of the Altai Mountains in southwestern Mongolia were home to the early Tai (Thai) about 4,500 years ago, including the Gleeh tribes.

The application level, black belt level, is the third of three student belt steps (see learning level) of the Pahuyuth. Members of the application stage wear a black belt.

Pahuyuth belt levels qualification learning path

Teaching content of the application level

The application level (black belt) is the last of the three Pahuyuth student stages. It is also referred to as a level of self-control or autodynamic stage (see model of autodynamics). The teaching content is mainly concerned with the development of the body’s own autodynamic functions and the confrontation with one’s own existence as a warrior.

The technical qualification and the Carrior’s Worthiness in the black belt level are usually created by self-critical practice and experimental teaching activities. Here, one’s own fighting style is formed to completion by specializing in techniques, perfecting tactics, and unlocking combat shaping skills.

Further information on the teaching content of the application level can be found in the Pahuyuth Compendium:

Pahuyuth compendium mock up 1


The spproproiation, intermediate or white belt level is the second of a total of three student belt steps (see learning level) of the Pahuyuth. Members of the appropriation level wear a white belt.

Pahuyuth belt levels qualification learning path

Teaching content of the beginner level

The teaching contents of the appropriation level (white belt) mainly refer to integrating the basic level techniques (green belt) into one’s own combat methodology and to further develop them.

This development process is divided into five learning contents. They are considered to be the guiding criteria for the qualification exam for the black belt.

  1. Self-correction
  2. Self-development
  3. Self-assessment
  4. Self-Knowledge
  5. Self-Discipline

The Carrior’s Worthiness for the black belt results from the formation of self-responsibility or personal responsibility.

Further information on the teaching content of the appropriation level can be found in the Pahuyuth Compendium:

Pahuyuth compendium mock up 1


Ascending Trajectory (Tauw Süy) or “rising” in the Pahuyuth is a technical execution in which the target is hit in an upward movement. It does not matter whether it is a strike or a thrust.

Only the bodily weapons foot, elbow and knee are classified as ascending.

For example

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Fist techniques are again divided into straight, curved, and mixed.


AWUD (also Duey Awud) is the umbrella term for armed Pahuyuth. The weapon disciplines of the Pahuyuth (AWUD) are based on the physical characteristics of the respective non-bodily weapons.

Pahuyuth awud armed combat weapon martial art knife schield sword staff scarf

  • Hand-length objects – Knives (MEED)
  • Forearm-length objects – Shield (MAI SAWK)
  • Arm-length objects – Sword (DAAB)
  • Body-length objects – Staff (GRABONG)
  • Flexible Objects – Scarf (SABAI)

Analogous to the traditional combat methodology of the Gleeh-Warriors, this assignment is explicitly not about the use of a particular weapon, but above all about the nature and functioning of an object. The respective fighting style always allows to be executed with improvised weapons. In order to qualify as an AWUD-Warrior, knowledge of all Pahuyuth weapons disciplines is required.

The weaponless disciplines of the Pahuyuth (MUAI or LING LOM) are summarized under the term LING LOM (umbrella term).

A balance point or center of gravity is the place where you can balance a sword by placing it like a seesaw (a two-sided lever). With the Thai sword (Daab), the balance point is relatively close to the pivot point. As a result, Thai swords are not top-heavy but balanced. They are held close to the balance point of the sword. This allows a high rotation speed and enables complex movement patterns by changing direction. The thumb, the base of the index finger and the forefinger act as the axis of rotation, while the opening and closing of the hand creates the rotary swing. Sword strokes can thus be produced not only from the arm or body rotation, but also from the hand or wrist.


Pahuyuth martial arts dab thai thai sword fight berlin swordsmanship pommel pommel hilt blade parry disc blade location point sheath cutting edge strength weakness

Balance Point | Pivot point | Hilz | Knob | Ort | Paring disc | Pivot Point | Pommel | Weakness | Sword Catch | Sword Face | Sword Handle | Sword Hull | Sword’s Back | Sword Scabbard | Sword Edge | Sword Tip | Strength | Stichblatt