Pahuyuth Educational Film from 1984 – (Fighting Techniques for Beginners Learn Online)
The techniques and concepts shown in this video are, except for a few details (see below), still valid today and can be used in Pahuyuth, Muay Thai, Muay Boran and many other martial arts and combat sports (e.g. MMA, Kickboxing, Muay Chaiya, Muay Thasao, Muay Korat, Muay Lopburi, Muay Lao, Bokator, Pradal Serey, Lethwei, and others).
Like most things on this website and our Youtube channel, we share this knowledge free of charge and without obligation. If you would like to support us to produce even more content of this kind and thus preserve the knowledge and culture of the ancient Pahuyuth Free-Warriors for future generations, you can do so via our Buy me a Coffee Account.
Among the tasks of this school was to promote Thai combat sports (Muay Veti, Muay Thai, Thai boxing) and Thai culture in Europe, which is why at that time people often spoke of “Thai combat sports”, the “techniques of Thai” and “Muai Thai” (with “i”, which is by the way the original spelling) instead of MUAI or PAHUYUTH.
Pahuyuth itself is not a sport and, strictly speaking, not a Thai martial art (Thailand was only founded in 1939, a very long time after Pahuyuth came into being). Nevertheless, Pahuyuth is the origin of all Thai and many Southeast Asian martial arts which is why parts of the Pahuyuth knowledge (especially MUAI) were used at that time to promote “Thai sports” and “Thai culture” in Europe.
An educational video for distance learning
This historically determined reading of “Thai sport fighting” is also found in this video produced in 1984, which was supposed to be the prelude for a whole series of martial arts instructional videos and tutorials, but was never published due to organizational and distribution reasons.
From Muai-Thai Studio to Pahuyuth School
In the nineties, when Muay Thai or Thaiboxing had become sufficiently popular, also thanks to the decades of groundwork of the Muai-Thai Studio, the Muai-Thai Studio developed itself further into the “Pahuyuth School” as it is known today.
The focus of the training shifted more and more to combat with and without weapons (Pahuyuth) as well as to the preservation and maintenance of the traditional Free-Warrior knowledge (Pahuyuth, Naturopathy and Saiyasart) and culture by education and teaching.
The emphasis on traditional martial arts and the ever-increasing number of publications by the Pahuyuth School indirectly led to the development of the Muay Boran in Thailand and to a growing interest in traditional Thai martial arts (e.g. Krabi Krabong) worldwide.
Even today the Pahuyuth school is remembered as a trailblazer for the development of Thai martial arts in Europe and this previously unpublished video from 1984 is a historical document of its ongoing evolution.
The educational film of the Muai-Thai Studio from 1984 in full length
Here the educational film can be viewed in full. Below we have broken down the individual chapters with transcriptions and technical notes.
Technical development since 1984
By integrating the other Pahuyuth disciplines (LING LOM, MEED, MAI SAWK, DAAB, GRABONG, SABAI) into the curriculum, minor changes have been made in the teaching content of the beginner techniques (yellow belt). However, most of the content shown in the 1984 video remained the same and still forms the basis for the training at the Pahuyuth School in Berlin.
The most recent development of the curriculum from green belt onwards is the Pahuyuth Compendium. The Pahuyuth Compendium is the technical handbook of the basic level (green belt). It contains the traditional combat techniques of all seven Pahuyuth disciplines and has been an integral part of the Pahuyuth training and examination process since 2020 AD.
Transcription & Changelog
Pahuyuth is a martial art that is constantly evolving. In order to simplify the learning of the techniques presented in the above video and to draw a bow into the present, we have structured the individual chapters of the video below and supplemented them with transcriptions of the spoken content as well as hints on the techniques that have changed.
Introduction (00:14 – 02:30)
On behalf of this institute I would like to welcome you to the educational video of the Muai-Thai Studio.
Based on the goals of the Muai-Thai Studio, we have now decided to produce an educational video to offer the possibility of distance learning to students abroad and to enable them to acquire the knowledge and the art of Thai martial arts by themselves.
The Thai martial arts do not consist of only one discipline. Actually, there are many different disciplines. They are divided into two areas, armed and unarmed combat. This classification corresponds to the traditions of the ancestors of Thai sport fighting.
This knowledge comes from our ancestors who invented this martial art and fought for the freedom of the Thai people. Many have sacrificed their lives to make the development of this body of knowledge possible.
I wish you that this video will help you to learn these techniques from us.
By transforming the “Muai-Thai Studio” into today’s Pahuyuth School, the true background of the Pahuyuth knowledge could be worked out more and more and be communicated to the outside world. Among other things, this was done with the 2013 book “Pahuyuth – the history of Thai martial arts”.
Then as now, the core was the knowledge of paramilitary Free-Warrior (Pahuyuth), who saved the territory of present-day Thailand from invaders for millennia and fought for a life in peace and freedom.
The sentence spoken in the 1984 video “This knowledge comes from our ancestors who invented this martial art and fought for the freedom of the Thai people.” Many have sacrificed their lives to develop these techniques.” refers to those same Pahuyuth Free-Warriors.
The knowledge of AWUD is divided into
- Knife fighting (MEED),
- Shield fighting (MAI SAWK)
- Sword fighting (DAAB),
- Staff fighting (GRABONG)
- Scarf fighting (SABAI),
while LING LOM is divided into
Warrior’s Creed (02:31 – 04:30)
The students of the Thai martial arts prepare for their lessons.
Before one can continue learning, one must first learn, that the Thai people have a ceremony. It includes greeting before and after the training. First a regular greeting is shown.
First the feet are pulled together This gesture means we are all equal. Both teachers and students. It remains the same whether teacher or student and what rank they have. Both differ only in their knowledge but not in their human dignity.
But before you learn how to fight, you put your right hand openly over it. This symbolizes giving pardon.
This gesture of the Thai martial arts shows that we greet and respect each other. As a student, as a teacher and all fellow students.
Warrior’s Creed (today)
The Warrior’s Creed was and is an elementary part of the values and ideals conveyed in the Pahuyuth. Even today we teach that all people are equal and that forgiveness is always preferable to fighting. The text contained in the 1984 video is slightly incomplete. We assume that this has something to do with the production conditions of the time.
The original text of the Warrior’s Creed reads:
“We take our feet together to form a V, because as humans we are all equal.
Students make a fist with their left hand in front of their body, because they want to learn to fight. They openly place their right hand over it, thus showing that they are willing to learn forgiveness before fighting.
Teachers make the right hand into a fist in front of the body because they can fight. They openly place their left hand over it to show that as learned personalities they prefer to forgive over fighting.
We hold a minute of silence as a symbolic gesture of acceptance of what has been said and then shake hands as a sign of training and teaching together within the collegial community”.
Teacher Greeting (04:30 – 05:24)
In the higher levels there is a uniform greeting for all disciplines of Thai martial arts in which the greeting is performed according to the old tradition of the Thai people.
This greeting is not religious, but a gesture of gratitude to the teacher or teachers. It thereby symbolizes something similar to the previous greeting form.
Teacher Greeting (today)
The so-called Teacher Greeting (Wai Kru) is taught today as a basic technique LS-01-03 (see curriculum below) and is carried out by all practitioners of the Pahuyuth at the end of the training at the latest from the green belt level onwards.
This ritual is still not religious, but merely a gesture of gratitude to the teacher or teachers. What the 1984 video does not mention is that the Teacher Greeting contains hidden references to combat techniques and much more.
Basic Stance (05:24 – 14:05)
For the Thais the fighting knowledge starts with the foot position.
If the foot position is not correct, then the whole fight can not be correct. Like a ship. If the .. What is this thing called? The tail at the back (rudder) doesn’t work then you can’t control the ship.
I don’t know what it’s called. I’ll have to check. The rudder! So.
You start with the foot. Yes, as shown in the graphic. One foot is placed behind the other foot turned on the heel The heel is lifted and turned outwards. Yes. Same with the other side. You place one foot behind the other with the toes at the heel turn Approximately up to an angle of 90°
Then lift the heel and turn it back (45°) Here Here you pay attention to that the heel is placed outside the line so that the fighting techniques can be executed optimally.
This is the basic foot position The body is roughly at a 45° angle in relation to the opponent It should be noted that the shoulders always need to be angled. The entire body posture should be relaxed and in line.
The Thai start after the foot position with the derivation of the hand position.
The foot position should always be rebuilt to practice this.
The derivation of the hand position begins by lifting the front arm forward. The fist is closed. Then the palm of the back hand is placed sideways against the shoulder. Make sure that the elbow is placed close to the body.
Then the right hand is made into a fist You bend the front forearm Yes. Up, up. Perpendicular
The rear arm is turned outwards. so that the forearms are parallel to each other. The elbows are angled outwards
This is the fight … hand position of the Thai. If you look at the whole body more or less like this.
The angled arms must form a right angle when viewed from the front. First the left arm is lifted. Then a fist is formed. The right hand grabs the shoulder and the left elbow is bent until the forearm is perpendicular to the floor.
The right hand forms a fist the arm is turned until the forearms are parallel to each other. The upper body is bent forward So that the front fist is at eye level. Then the elbows are angled outwards.
The Thai first switch the shoulders. Only then comes the step and not not the other way around. Just like the demonstration. First comes the switch and then the step. Like that. This has to be practiced individually.
Same for the next step *audible disagreement*
(the backward step) is done slightly differently by bending the front foot and you pushing yourself backwards with it. This is also carried out in further steps.
In practical application this is done quickly. The same applies to the backward step.
The Thai also turn from left to right as well as from right to left. Only the execution differs by turning on the forefoot.
Go on, go on … Go on … Go on … Go on.
The Thais also turn by moving in a circle. You push off with your rear foot. Yes. To turn in the desired direction.
Basic Stance (today)
The foot position is nowadays listed as LS-01-01 and the hand position as LS-01-02 in the beginner curriculum (see below). This position is called the “Dangerless Triangle”.
Connoisseurs will immediately see that this is a very advantageous arm position for street fighting and self-defense, because, in contrast to the double guard widely used in boxing or Muay Thai, it is especially suitable for fighting without gloves (bare-knuckle).
The fact that this Basic Stance is already contained in the 1984 video can be interpreted as an indication of the non-sporting origin of these techniques.
The derivation of the Basic Stance (LS-01-01 and LS-01-02) is currently shown somewhat differently than in the 1984 video. The slight deviation in the sequence may well be due to the production conditions of the time.
A concrete and historically comprehensible change, however, is that the derivation of the Basic Stance nowadays ends with an opening of the hands (see video) and that the hands are only closed if it is absolutely necessary. For example, if you make a punch, use a grip technique or hold a weapon. A slightly opened hand corresponds to the natural anatomy and offers greater flexibility in combat.
Since in 1984 it was primarily about the promotion of sports and MUAI or Muai-Thai was mainly trained with 8oz. Boxing gloves (Bare Knuckle boxing was introduced much later for safety reasons), the hands remained closed at that time.
The fact that this is a departure from the original form can be seen in the 1984 video by the elbow techniques (from 46:59), which are executed then as now with open hands. Because Pahuyuth students nowadays learn almost always the complete spectrum of Pahuyuth combat with and without weapons, the Basic Stance is now taught again with open hands.
The step techniques shown in the 1984 video are no longer part of the curriculum of the probationary student level (yellow belt), but are assigned to the basic level (green belt). The complete step techniques (the 1984 video shows only a selection) are listed in the Pahuyuth Compendium.
Fist techniques (14:05-29:42)
The first punch. The first punch of the Thai is called a straight fist punch
You have learned the hand position. The first punch is performed by a rotation of the body. Make sure that the fist is not held like this or like that, but how nature intended it. It is angled when lifted. This results in an angle of 45°.
Next, it should be noted thatthe arm is not stretched out, but remains slightly bent. You don’t fully straighten your arm through when you punch but leave a small angle to protectso that the elbow joint cannot be dislocated.You punch only so far and stop at the last moment
In order to transfer force this technique aims roughly at eye level. From the other side you can see that the power comes from the arm, the body and ultimately from the legs. If possible the force should be transmitted in one line
You can check the stability by applying pressure to the arm. The rear leg is there to generate power. The other leg is used to hold the weight of the body. A fist is supposed to be made here. But you can also use this hand for defense. But usually you make a fist here.
If you punch, counterattacks may occur. With this hand you protect yourself because when attacking you must also think of defense. If this punch is executed with the other side, you can see, that this punch should also be practiced with the opposite side. And if the defending hand wasn’t there, you can see that a gap is created here.
You put your chin in here and it will find a safe place. The chin is placed against the shoulder and the other hand is used for defence. One must always make sure that the shoulder is held like this. But you can also lift your shoulder, so that its slightly elevated here and can be used to protect the chin.
Looking from the front, you can see that this punch is executed in a straight forward motion. Here you can see that the defending hand can be open or made into a fist. And back.
Once you have practised this for a while, you can go faster. You practice speed by starting slowly and increasingly go faster and faster. Keep in mind that even if you have already practiced punching quickly, that you can punch fast, but you are always a little slower in the pull back movement. This phase serves the recovery of the body
On the other hand, if you strive to perfect a punch, you go a little bit further by turning the shoulder first in order to generate better pressure force First you the simple execution. Later you start by turning the shoulder first and thereby push the fist forward. The hip rotation is initiated by the rotation of the shoulder. This creates the support for the punch, whereby the impact force increases when the body is turned first. Such a punch looks more or less like this.
The Thai people know three basic punches and a lot of variations. We use the fist by rolling in our fingers tight and lock the fist with the thumb.You hit with the entire surface of your fist and not, as widespread, just with your knuckles
No matter which fist punch you make, you should make sure to hit with the whole surface. Looking from the side you can see that the fist is not held like this or like that instead you keep it straight so that the pressure force can be optimally transferred into the target
Seen from this side, the fist is also kept straight.Now let’s take a look at what the straight punch looks like. You gotta turn your shoulders a little bit more, yes.
This straight punch hits the opponent’s chest. It is possible to aim with the straight fist punch to the face, to the chin or to the belly It is also possible to aim even lower if you lower your body This straight punch can also be aimed upwards so that the force is applied linearly upwards This is also a straight punch.
From the other side you can see that you hit the target in a direct line. Make sure that you are always able to transmit enough force when you connect to the target. In order to achieve this, this posture must always be maintained.
Next, you learn the curved punch
The difference to the European hook is that the hook is executed rather directly like this or like that. In Thai martial arts the arm is slightly turned outwards then you punch and pull back reinschlagen und herausholen.
Now again. Swing, punch, pull back. You always make sure that the defending hand remains in front of the face. In case of an attack this hand can be usedto guard the opposite side of the body. At that moment the striking arm is pulled back. The other hand always remains there.
From the other side.The strike is executed and retracted in a curved motion. Thereby the punching technique is executed from the basic stance with a swinging movementto the blow and back again. You always remain in basic stance.
Always remember: You are not the only one who can attack. You can also be attacked while you are attacking.That is why you must keep your guard up. The punch itself is executed at high speed. The return movement is usually carried a little more slowly.You practice until you can reach the required speed.
If you want to develop this technique further, try turning the shoulder first and then execute the swing movement,the punch and the return movement.This is the curved punch of the Thai.
The third technique is called ‚mixed punch‘. It is a hybrid between ‘curved‘ and ’straight’ punch.
This third possibility to punch is created by first swinging downwards like a curve. The defending arm is held horizontally. – punching upwards in a straight motion. and returning to the basic stance.
One more time.
You begin with a curvilinear movement straighten the arm and punch vertically upwards. Make sure that you do not only punch up to here but all the way to the top.Then pull the arm back and return to the basic stance.
You can do this punch with the opposite side by executing it from this (mirrored) basic stanceand return. This technique is called ‘mixed’ because it is a mixture of ‘curved‘ and ‘straight’.
You start in the basic stance, swing your arm and moves the other arm into a horizontal position. Why horizontal? So the line of defense can be held.
You start with a curved punch and pull the front arm backwards. Then extend the other arm as far up as possible and pull the arm above the guard back to the basic stance. Again. You swing like this, pull in, punch upwards and return to the starting position.
In Thai martial arts you do not only practice only one side. You never know in advance which side you will need in an emergency. For this reason it is always said that the one who learns a fighting technique must be able to show it with both, the left and the right side. With the other side you stand like this, swing through, pull the arm back, punch upwards and return to the basic stance.
In the fast execution you punch through and return. Punch and return. These are the general punching techniques to be learned by beginners. It is important to remember that these are only the basics of Thai martial arts.
The punching techniques are performed from the basic stance. You just learn to punch straight. This is the first basic technique.
It also serves as a simple straight punch.
The second one is called ‘Curve’.
You swing it forward and pull back. That’s the second punch.
The third punch is a mixture of curve ..
Fist techniques (today)
The fist techniques shown in the 1984 video have remained basically unchanged. Then as now, the three basic techniques for beginners are distinguished in Straight (LS-01-04), Curved (LS-01-05) and Mixed (LS-01-04).
Since the Basic Stance is now shown with open hands, another exercise focus is the timely closing of the hands during the execution of the punch.
The safe opening and closing of the hands has always been practiced durnig the 30 Exercises (see exercises 4 and 5 respectively) and is one of the basic requirements to be able to punch without gloves and bandages without injury.
Foot techniques (29:42-46:59)
Earlier we learned something about fist techniques. The next, very important element in the art of Thai fighting are the foot techniques. It is said that the Thais use their legs not only for walking. Instead they also use their legs as one of the most important weapons for fighting.
Here it is about learning to lift the leg in the first place. Starting from the basic stance, the leg is simply swung upwards When kicking, always make sure that the knee joint remains slightly angled und der Fuß nicht wie beim Stehen angewinkelt, sondern gestreckt und angespannt wird.
You can use the area from instep to knee. All of this counts into ‘foot’. Make sure that you do not stretch your leg out completely and immediately pull it back again. This damages the knee joint. Instead you kick fast and pull back a little slower, about up to this angle and no more. The leg remains there for a moment and after a split second you return to the basic stance.
You practice by kicking upwards and stop. The other side. Notice that you kick first, then slow down and then return. At higher speeds this is hardly noticeable.
And don’t be disappointed if you can’t kick high right from the start. Some would like to kick to the head immediately, but that is not the value for the Thai. Instead, they say we’re like kids just starting out. You start small and you then grow. Besides, kicks are not only dangerous for the head area.
In fact, this height, which is accessible to most people, is already sufficient. The ribs, the stomach, the whole body is sufficient to harm the opponent.
The kicking techniques of the Thai starts with a simple movement. You simply lift your leg up and slow down in this position.
And after a short moment you return into the basic stance. Never, I want to emphasize that again. I would be very sad if one of my students had to suffer as a result. If you kick and let the knee snap back, it will damage your knee. Meniscus damage in the knee is almost unknown among the Thais. And I don’t want my students to get that.
Remember, when you kick upwards. Slow down. That doesn’t mean you snap back, instead you let the mass of the leg slow down the movement. You only stop with the thigh and not here. Nature makes sure that the leg stops here. Then you put it down.
When practicing you start at a low height and increase the height of your kicks little by little. Later, when you are already very good at it, you turn your hips forward first. Similar to the punches by turning the hip forward.At the same time the knee is pulled up and brought forward.
Let me show you an example.
Stand like this … and go back again. Again *kicks* and back. As *coughs* usual, the technique can be done with other side. Just by standing like this. *kicks* and hold. Return.
Of course, in practice you will hardly notice that you are slowing down. You just stand like this, kick and go back. Or from the opposite side, where the same applies. This is a basic kicking technique of the Thai.
The first kick was about how to kick from bottom to top. Following on from this, one learns the next kick.
The next kick is called a ‘parallel kick’.
Parallel kick means that you lift your leg and connect to the target in a parallel motion. The technique is shown from the basic stance. The parallel kick connects while moving parallel to the ground. Important for the parallel kick is the rotation of the hip and shoulder.
The hand is positioned down here for protection.This is the basic position. The head is also protected from possible attacks. Kick me – It can occur that you have to defend yourself while kicking or that the opponent simultaneously defends and counterattacks. This possibility exists. Therefore, one should take precautions.
The other side kicks the same way. With the parallel kick you notice that the position of the body is like this and that the guard covers the left and the right side of the body. The parallel kick is very common in Thai martial arts. Make sure that the body remains stable during the kick.
You practice kicking in such a way that you can balance your body and carry your own momentum. Only then you pull the leg back. You do not necessarily have to go back the same way. You can also kick through. You stand like this *kick* and make a full turn. Note that you don’t kick and *kicks* and lose your balance.
If possible, you should practice so that you can control your bodies mass at all times. It is important to note that you do not throw your whole body into the kick, instead you use the rotation of your body for kicking. The body weight rests for the most part on the supporting leg. when you *kick* like this and return. Or you stand like this *kicks* and return to basic stance.
That’s the parallel kick.
It also counts as a parallel kick if you squat and kick. Again. With this technique you squat down and kick parallel. I have to execute this technique a bit faster, because it is difficult do it slowly. From this position *kicks* and back again. If you practice alone, you can crouch from the starting position, kick and return to the basic stance.
From the other side. The benchmark is a kick at that height. That’s very easy. Different and a bit more difficult is to do a parallel kick to the neck area. If you practice this on a partner, he should protect himself. Even if you practice with little power, the following always applies: safety first! You stand like this *kicks* and kick at this height.
Even if the hand is held here, the kick can sometimes slip through. If you are not sure that you can perform the technique slowly and safely you let your partner stand in front of you with a raised hand and practice your high kicks.That would be much better.
Again, if you kick the parallel kick in here You have to be careful not to kick just like that. but also pay attention to your own upper body. Most people forget this. The defense during the kick must always be kept.
In later times you practice similar to the first basic technique. The basic exercise. This is the basic exercise.
With the parallel kick you also return to the basic exercise at some point by first bending your knee and then kicking sideways. Seen from the front, you first lift the leg straight up and then move it sideways. Amongst beginners this movement is more round and more curved. Advanced practitioners lift their knee up and then turn sideways. This is the more difficult variation. By pulling up and hitting.
These are the kick possibilities of the parallel kick.
One of the most important and dangerous techniques of the Thai is the so-called descending kick.
The descending kick is different from the ascending basic technique. In that case the leg hit in a straight or slightly lateral upward movement. We have already learned that there is a parallel kick and an ascending kick.
Now it’s all about descending kicks where the leg first rises above the target and then connects in a downward movement. Just like a cruise missile, which makes a parabolic movement and hits in the downward movement. Such kicks are called descending kicks. They are very, very dangerous. You practice them from the basic stance – do a kick!
When you have reached this position, you turn your body and push the kick down. Again. Kick it over there. Yes. Again.You can see that the kick first rises and then descends.
Now I put my hand here and he kicks over it. The kick goes over my hand – other side. For the kick. One more time.
This kick is called a descending kick. Its power comes from the downward movement. You can practice this kick at this height first by simply lifting the leg above the target from the basic stance turn and push downwards
To perform the technique fluently, just stand like this, lift your leg and kick. When you practice with a partner, you must always make sure that safety is guaranteed.
For this kick the following applies: If you are not very good at the previous kicks or do not have sufficient control.I recommend to not practice the descending kick like this. This kick requires more knowledge and skill.
I just want to show that you can also execute this kick at this height. It is possible, but not always necessary. Wenn man übt, empfiehlt es sich so zu üben. This way you can test if you can get high enough and at what height you would hit. At this height you can see that the leg easily goes over the hand.
And not that you’re so… *steps* … *sigh*
Turn the camera off again.
Stand like this. Kick from the basic stance upwards. As soon as the leg has reached the desired height, you turn and kick down.Same with the other side. Kick up… and down.
The Thais kick into the body of the opponent. At all heights, at will. That’s common. I repeat once again.
In the first technique you kick upwards from the basic stance. This is the easiest variant. In the same way, the technique works slightly diagonally upwards. It then also goes from bottom to top.
The third kick descends from top to bottom as it connects. It is also executed with the other side.
Foot techniques (today)
The foot techniques shown in the 1984 video have also remained unchanged. Then as now, the three basic techniques for beginners are distinguished in Ascending (LS-01-07), Parallel (LS-01-08) and Descending (LS-01-09).
Elbow Techniques (46:59-52:59)
The first elbow technique strikes from above.
Go into basic stance. And now do an elbow from above.
It should be noted – again – that no fist is made during elbow techniques. Instead you keep your hands open. Why? Because the risk of injury is greater with closed fists. Therefore you do not make a fist during elbow techniques.
The technique is shown again from above. From the other side the technique is carried out in the same way. Descending. This elbow moves, seen from the front, almost vertically downwards.
In the basic position you still stand with closed fists. You open your fists, raise your elbow and strike it downwards. The head is placed against the shoulder for protection …and the elbow is forcefully slammed down.
And if you have already learned to strike downwards with this movement, then you can use the same movement to strike upwards.
This technique is about striking with the elbow upwards. Here you place your head against the shoulder for protection. One more time. The ascending elbow technique. Same with the other side. From bottom to top.
Here you can see that the elbow is lifted up to the height of the forehead and the hand protects the head. Especially the temple, so that it cannot be damaged. And you make sure that the palm of your hand never covers your ear. Because if there is a blow to the hand, the eardrum can burst. You protect yourself against this by leaving a gap. If an impact occurs, the pressure is not transmitted to the inner ear.
The elbow connects while moving parallel to the ground. The height of the elbow strike is not relevant for this classification. If you stand slightly crouched, you can also throw a low parallel elbow. That’s not important. The main thing is that the elbow connects while moving parallel to the ground. One more time.
Same from the other side. Here you can check if the elbow is in line with the center of your body.
With the elbow techniques for advanced students you can attack different parts of the body.
The first elbow connects while descending.
The second technique connects during the ascending motion.
The third technique connects while in parallel motion.
These are the elbow techniques of the Thai.
Elbow techniques (today)
In contrast to the classical derivation in the 1984 video, elbow techniques are nowadays taught in ascending (LS-01-10), parallel (LS-01-11) and descending (LS-01-12) order. This change is due to the fact that most beginners today already know that one can strike with an elbow (in 1984 this was new to most people) and because this order is easier to understand due to the analogy to the foot techniques for beginners.
The descending elbow technique shown in the 1984 video has been moved to the MUAI green belt curriculum (now MU-13-03) and is now included in the Pahuyuth Compendium. Today’s falling elbow technique for yellow belts (LS-01-12) took its place because it offers an easier entry for beginners and makes more sense in the sense of pedagogical dramaturgy.
Both techniques work and are still part of the training at Pahuyuth School. However, the LS-01-12 is queried during the entrance exam (yellow to green belt), while MU-13-03 is now part of the MUAI test for the white belt.
Knee Techniques (52:59-01:01:35)
Earlier we learned something about elbow techniques. Elbows occur when you bend your elbow joints. It is similar with the knee techniques. They develop from bending the knee joints. In other words knee and elbow techniques belong together.
However, the use of knee techniques is somewhat more difficult because you usually need two legs to stand on. Standing on only one leg and at the same time using full force to execute a knee against gravity is more difficult in terms of body balance.
The force is transferred from the knee to the opponent. It is important to note that the instep is always kept straight. Never like this, as this will obstruct your knee techniques. This is why you straighten the instep when doing knee techniques. With this knee thrust, the knee is first applied to the opponent and then the opponent is pushed backwards. Thus the opponent loses the possibility to counter.
You practice this knee with both sides. The left side first. The second time with the right side.
When practicing, make sure that the knee is solid in this position. You can test this by hitting your knee. If you can still stand stable, you have practiced this knee technique properly. Then you can place it on the floor. This technique can be done with the left side. Just like with the right side.
This technique can also be practised with the front leg. Not only with the rear leg. It works independently of which leg you use. However, it is important that your body weight safely rests on the standing leg when the other knee is raised. Balance is very important.
Next knee technique.
Because the knee techniques need a lot of stability you hold your opponent with your hands, pull him down and push your knee against the direction of pull. In the basic exercise you do this without a partner.
You start in basic stance and execute the knee technique. Now with the other side. You practice this knee technique by putting your hands together, bringing them to the side and then pull them down while striking with the knee upwards.
The other side. When practicing this technique, it is recommended to use full force. With left and right.
In practice the hands are used to grab the opponent, pull him in and hit him with the knee. You can hit here with your knee and you can also hit here with your knee. The hands hold the neck of the opponent in the basic technique.
In practice, make sure that the elbows stay close together.
If you turn the opponents head sideways, one hand is used to push and the other hand to pull. This locks the head of the opponent in the desired position. You grab the head, turn it, pull it down and use knee techniques as you please. From a distance, it looks like pushing and shoving the opponent forward. Such things belong to the more advanced techniques that you learn later.
Another possibility is a knee technique that is balanced with the upper body.
The knee is thrusted upwards and you lean back with your upper body. By pushing forward with the knee and simultaneously leaning back, you achieve that the opponent has lesser possibilities to attack you.
When practicing, make sure that you lean your upper body back but still keep your weight in the center and not topple left or right. Same on the other side. You stand like this and return.
The basic knee techniques are first: From the basic stance simply pull the knee upwards. The upper body remains straight or slightly bent forward. This is the first knee technique. Same on the other side.
Knee techniques (today)
The knee techniques are now classified according to their stability principles in knees with counter-traction (LS-01-13), knees with counter-rotation (LS-01-14) and balancing knees (LS-01-15).
This classification serves, among other things, as an indication of the principles of action and concepts contained in the 45 beginner techniques. This change is due, among other things, to the better integration of the LING LOM.
It follows that the first knee technique shown in the 1984 video was supplemented by a pull movement with the hands and is now taught as LS-01-13 to Pahuyuth beginners. The pulling up the knee in the video at the time without support from the hands is now part of the MUAI training from green belt and is listed as MU-04-10 in the Pahuyuth Compendium.
These are the four main weapons of the Thai.
The basic stance is the prerequisite for all techniques.
From this basic position a straight punch can be created a curved punch a mixed punch
The fourth type of weapon is the knee techniques. The first knee is simply thrown from upwards. The second knee technique is created by pulling and pushing with the knee. The third by balancing the body.
These four elements are the basic prerequisite for Muai-Thai.
Then as now, however, the curriculum for beginners (yellow belt, Lugsidt) includes not only the 15 techniques of so-called “Physical Knowledge” (LS-01), but also 15 techniques of “Defense Knowledge” (LS-02) and 15 techniques of Safety Knowledge (LS-03) in which basic fall and rolling techniques are taught.
These 45 techniques form the foundation for a safe and successful study of all seven Pahuyuth disciplines.
A poster with the 45 beginner techniques can be purchased in our shop.
A coffee for a teacher
Our goal is to preserve the knowledge and the culture of the ancient Pahuyuth Free-Warriors for future generations. For all those who find our videos and blog posts helpful and would like to support our efforts, we have set up a Buy me a Coffee Account here. We use the proceeds to make even more content of this kind available to the public.
In response to the SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 aka Corona Pandemic, we now provide the 30 Exercises free of charge for everyone.
The 30 Exercises are an approximately one-hour training program, which consists of thirty individual exercises and can be trained at home or wherever you want. We hope to help all those who are forced to train on their own in their own homes because of the current situation!
Book recommendation for advanced users
Pahuyuth is an ancient martial art. A compendium is a collection of writings or a short textbook. The Pahuyuth Compendium is the new technical handbook of the basic level (green belt) and an integral part of the Pahuyuth training and examination procedure since 2020 AD.
With the Pahuyuth Compendium, it was for the first time in history possible to compile the traditional fighting techniques of all seven Pahuyuth disciplines in just one work and thus preserve them for future generations. At the same time, this technical handbook was conceived as a practical learning aid and companion, which provides all Pahuyuth students and teachers with a globally uniform learning content and qualification standard.
The Pahuyuth Compendium can serve as a cross-style complement to existing knowledge and as a source of inspiration for professionally interested martial artists.