No matter if Muai, Muay Thai, Muay Boran, MMA or self-defense. You can never have enough good techniques. MUAI students learn at least 200 traditional techniques in the green belt level of this discipline, which are individually varied, combined and refined.

The resulting variety of techniques offers Pahuyuth students a solid foundation of fist, foot, elbow and knee techniques from which they can derive a great number of suitable counter techniques for almost every fighting situation.

Some of these traditional counter techniques against basic techniques (mother techniques, Mae Mai) are conserved on our Youtube channel. With this blog post we want to make them available for everyone free of charge.

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The systematic nomenclature in Pahuyuth

Pahuyuth consists of seven different disciplines that can be learned individually and combined seamlessly. There are more than 1.000 traditional techniques for beginners (green belt) across all disciplines.

For teaching purposes the disciplines and techniques of Pahuyuth have been structured and provided with a unique systematic nomenclature. This nomenclature allows an exact classification of techniques according to Pahuyuth discipline, technique type and technique.

The abbreviation LS-01-04 for example stands for “Lugsidt (teaching contents of the yellow belt level), first technique section (physical insertion), technique number four”, which means a simple straight fist punch. The technique MU-04-05 on the other hand refers to “MUAI (discipline of Pahuyuth), technique page 04 (basic techniques), technique number five” and represents a classic roundhouse kick.

The systematic nomenclature of Pahuyuth is used in the Pahuyuth training and in our teaching materials and publications.

Pahuyuth has its own systematic nomenclature with which fighting techniques are structured for teaching purposes.

Pahuyuth beginners (yellow belt) learn 45 basic techniques from the areas of Bodily Usage (LS-01), Defense Knowledge (LS-02) and Safety Knowledge (LS-03)

MUAI beginners (green belt) learn another 188 basic techniques, which they individually vary, combine and refine during their studies.

Why no fantasy, trivial or Thai names?

The use of fantasy or trivial names for fighting techniques regularly leads to misunderstandings in the practical learning process. Furthermore, from a historical point of view it cannot really be classified as “traditional”.

Supposedly handed down terms like “Hanuman hands over the ring” (Hanuman Tawai Waen) for example refer to the Rammakiern saga. However, it was not until the 19th century A.D. in Siam, long after the retreat of the ancient Pahuyuth free warriors, that this legend was spread. The use of such fantasy names can therefore be seen as an indication that a fighting style is and therefore does not belong to the traditional fighting styles.

As a rule of thumb: Whenever imaginative technique names such as “The crocodile whips its tail” (Jarake Fad Hang), “The serpent Naka twists its tail” (Naka Bid Hang) or “Hanuman breaks the blockade” (Hanuman Hag Dahn) are used, it is a modern development or an imitation.

Something similar applies to the use of Thai language terms. Pahuyuth is much older than the Thai language and has always been practiced by members of different languages and ethnic groups. Except for the term “Pahuyuth” (originally from Sanskrit), the names of the Pahuyuth disciplines and some anatomical terms, the use of foreign words is therefore largely avoided.

281 traditional MUAI counter techniques

3 fist techniques AND 99 counter-techniques

Fist techniques our punches are divided into “straight”, “curved” and “mixed”.

  • Straight: A straight punch moves linearly from A to B.
  • Curved: A curved punch moves in a circle from A to B.
  • Mixed: A mixed fist punch is a hybrid form of a straight and a curved or a curved and straight technique.

MUAI beginner level students (green belt) learn at least 42 fist techniques.

Similar techniques in Muay Thai (examples): punch (chock), jab (Mat Jab, Mat Throng, Chock Num), straight punch (Mat Throng, Mat Throng Chock Tam), uppercut (Mat Ngad, Mat Seri), hook (Mat Hook, Mat Weang Sun).

Straight fist (LS-01-04)

Curved Fist (LS-01-05)

Mixed Fist (LS-01-06)

3 foot techniques and 73 counter-techniques

Kicks are divided into “ascending”, “parallel” and “descending”. The decisive factor here is the movement vector when hitting the target.

  • Ascending: An ascending kick connects during the upward movement.
  • Parallel: A parallel kick connects during a horizontal movement.
  • Falling: A descending kick connects during the downward movement.

MUAI beginner level students (green belt) learn at least 42 foot techniques.

Similar techniques in Muay Thai (examples): kick (Te), front kick or Push-Kick (Teep, Teep Ruk, Teep Trong, Teep Khang, Teep Sakad, Teep Glap Lang, Teep Yan Lang, Teep Robgaun), Round Kick to the leg (Te Ka, Te Tad Lang), Round Kick to the body (Te Lam Toa, Te Tad Glang), High round kick (Te Sung, Karn Koa), Half knee half shin kick (Te Khrung Khang Khrung Khow), Kick from above (Te Kook), Continuing kick (Te Kod, Na Ca Bid Hang).

Ascending Kick (LS-01-07)

Parallel Kick (LS-01-08)

Descending Kick (LS-01-09)

3 elbow techniques and 63 counter-techniques

Elbow techniques are divided into “ascending”, “parallel” and “descending”. The decisive factor here is the movement vector when hitting the target.

  • Ascending: An ascending elbow connects during the upward movement.
  • Parallel: A parallel elbow connects during the horizontal movement.
  • Descending: A descending elbow connects during the downward movement.

MUAI beginner level students (green belt) learn at least 42 elbow techniques.

Similar techniques in Muay Thai (examples): Elbow (Sok), Elbow striking down (Sok Tee), Cutting elbow (Sok Tad), Elbow striking up (Sok Ngad), Elbow strike with the tip of the elbow (Sok Pung), Elbow striking backwards (Sok Kratung), Elbow striking backwards (Sok Glab), Elbow strike from above (Sok Sub).

Ascending Elbow (LS-01-10)

Parallel Elbow (LS-01-11)

Descending Elbow (LS-01-12)

3 knee techniques and 46 counter-techniques

The knee techniques of MUAI are also divided into “ascending”, “parallel” and “descending”. For the subsequent series of counter-techniques, however, the classification was chosen according to stability principles. In Pahuyuth three types of stability principles are known for knee techniques: pulling, counter rotation and balance.

  • Pulling: Pulling knees use the arms to pull the target in a linear motion into the knee.
  • Counter-rotation: Knees with counter-rotation create stability through a circular pulling movement around the body axis.
  • Balance: Balancing knees use balancing movements of the own body to create a stable stand.

MUAI beginner level students (green belt) learn at least 42 knee techniques.

Similar techniques in Muay Thai (examples): Knee (Khow), Straight Knee (Khow Trong), Round Knee (Khow Khong), Pushing Knee (Khow Kod), Flying Knee (Khow Loy), Small Knee (Khow Noi).

Pulled knee (LS-01-13)

Knee with counter-rotation (LS-01-14)

Balanced Knee (LS-01-15)

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