In the Saiyasart the term being an observer refers to a kind of perception in which one remains as an uninvolved person in relation to what is perceived. The opposite of observing is to be affected.

According to the traditional description, an example with water is often used to explain the concept of the observer. The perception of water on the lake. The sun is shining, the wind is blowing and the lake is resting on its bottom. This scene is simply intended to serve as an example of the information that exists.

In this example, the four beings (sun, wind, lake, ground) will influence each other through their existence and thus cause a change in the information content. As a result, from the beginning of existential information, a new information is also available. This means that perception is no longer limited to the first information, but also receives the new information. Through this process of constantly new perceptions through constantly new information, the dynamics of perception are justified.

In this example, the perception of water has been defined as limited. The information content is reduced accordingly by perception. The mass of water means that the constant changes, which are continuously replaced by new ones, are perceived as consistent information. A perception as an observer.