Being and Non-being
Consequently, being is defined as an organic (physical) state of being and non-being as an inorganic (non-physical) state of being. The actual existence of the two states of being, however, remains in existence, i.e. the corresponding sphere of existence.
The perception of all existing beings by man is based on the defined distinction between being and non-being. Here the demarcation from this world as a sphere of existence and the hereafter as the “ghost sphere” has been arbitrarily defined. Whether all beings actually exist according to this definition or perception remains to be seen for the time being.
Non-being defines those existing beings whose existence can only be perceived under certain criteria. They are essentially divided into three groups. These beings are considered to be real-existing beings, and come about through a probability calculation with simulated information, which may have been traditionally transmitted and adopted, as well as created by independent definition.
On closer examination of non-being, one will find that the three groups are the three principles for building and maintaining a social order. The first is the hierarchical structure, the second is its mirror image and the third is power, or legality.
According to the widespread idea of human beings, all beings derive from the same origin or creator. Here the human being is considered to be the most developed being, who is at the same time closest to the Creator. The Creator himself is regarded as the being that embodies the human ideal, or the good. By persuading its existence, one not only assumes the granted access to paradise after his death, but also believes that he is under his care during his lifetime.
The contrast to this ideal is evil, which, as a logically existing opposition, keeps everything in balance. Evil is the creation of a destructive ideal directed against all that has been defined as good. The existence of evil begins when the conviction deviates from the good ideal or is dismantled, and thus means a distance from the Creator of good.
Power, or instrumental control, exists equally for the ideal of good, and for that of evil. It is a predetermined or defined correctness with regard to admissibility on the one hand and punishment on the other. In a broader sense, therefore, legalization is a means that, if the good ideal is to depart from evil, justifies enforcement by means of power.
Here the existence of power and legality depends on the respective faith and the conviction of the form of society, which in turn is built up by its own hierarchical structure.
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